# Managing assignment files¶

Distributing assignments to students and collecting them can be a logistical nightmare. If you are running nbgrader on a server, some of this pain can be relieved by relying on nbgrader’s built-in functionality for releasing and collecting assignments on the instructor’s side, and fetching and submitting assignments on the student’s side.

## Setting up the exchange¶

After an assignment has been created using nbgrader assign, the instructor must actually release that assignment to students. If the class is being taught on a single filesystem, then the instructor may use nbgrader release to copy the assignment files to a shared location on the filesystem for students to then download.

First, we must specify a few configuration options. To do this, we’ll create a nbgrader_config.py file that will get automatically loaded when we run nbgrader:

%%file nbgrader_config.py

c = get_config()

c.Exchange.course_id = "example_course"
c.Exchange.root = "/tmp/exchange"

Writing nbgrader_config.py


In the config file, we’ve specified the “exchange” directory to be /tmp/exchange. This directory must exist before running nbgrader, and it must be readable and writable by all users, so we’ll first create it and configure the appropriate permissions:

%%bash

# remove existing directory, so we can start fresh for demo purposes
rm -rf /tmp/exchange

# create the exchange directory, with write permissions for everyone
mkdir /tmp/exchange
chmod ugo+rw /tmp/exchange


## Releasing assignments¶

Details on generating assignments
Command line options for nbgrader release
Command line options for nbgrader list
The philosophy and the approach
More details on how the nbgrader hierarchy is structured.
Configuration options
Details on nbgrader_config.py

Using the formgrader extension, you may release assignments by clicking on the “release” button:

Note that for the “release” button to become available, the course_id option must be set in nbgrader_config.py. Once completed, you will see a pop-up window with log output:

### From the command line¶

Now that we have the directory created, we can actually run nbgrader release (and as with the other nbgrader commands for instructors, this must be run from the root of the course directory):

%%bash


[ReleaseApp | INFO] Source: /Users/jhamrick/project/tools/nbgrader/nbgrader/docs/source/user_guide/release/./ps1
[ReleaseApp | INFO] Destination: /tmp/exchange/example_course/outbound/ps1
[ReleaseApp | INFO] Released as: example_course ps1


Finally, you can verify that the assignment has been appropriately released by running the nbgrader list command:

%%bash


[ListApp | INFO] Released assignments:
[ListApp | INFO] example_course ps1


Note that there should only ever be one instructor who runs the nbgrader release and nbgrader collect commands (and there should probably only be one instructor – the same instructor – who runs nbgrader assign, nbgrader autograde and the formgrader as well). However this does not mean that only one instructor can do the grading, it just means that only one instructor manages the assignment files. Other instructors can still perform grading by accessing the notebook where the formgrader is running.

## Fetching assignments¶

Command line options for nbgrader fetch
Command line options for nbgrader list
Configuration options
Details on nbgrader_config.py

From the student’s perspective, they can list what assignments have been released, and then fetch a copy of the assignment to work on. First, we’ll create a temporary directory to represent the student’s home directory:

%%bash

# remove the fake student home directory if it exists, for demo purposes
rm -rf /tmp/student_home

# create the fake student home directory and switch to it
mkdir /tmp/student_home


If you are not using the default exchange directory (as is the case here), you will additionally need to provide your students with a configuration file that sets the appropriate directory for them:

%%file /tmp/student_home/nbgrader_config.py

c = get_config()
c.Exchange.root = '/tmp/exchange'
c.Exchange.course_id = "example_course"

Writing /tmp/student_home/nbgrader_config.py


### From the notebook dashboard¶

Warning

The “Assignment List” extension is not fully compatible with multiple courses on the same server. Please see Can I use the “Assignment List” extension with multiple classes? for details.

Alternatively, students can fetch assignments using the assignment list notebook server extension. You must have installed the extension by following the instructions here, after which you should see an “Assignments” tab in dashboard:

The image above shows that there has been one assignment released (“ps1”) for the class “example_course”. To get this assignment, students can click the “Fetch” button (analogous to running nbgrader fetch ps1 --course example_course. Note: this assumes nbgrader is always run from the root of the notebook server, which on JupyterHub is most likely the root of the user’s home directory.

After the assignment is fetched, it will appear in the list of “Downloaded assignments”:

Students can click on the name of the assignment to expand it and see all the notebooks in the assignment:

Clicking on a particular notebook will open it in a new tab in the browser.

### From the command line¶

From the student’s perspective, they can see what assignments have been released using nbgrader list, and passing the name of the class:

%%bash
export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd $HOME nbgrader list  [ListApp | INFO] Released assignments: [ListApp | INFO] example_course ps1  They can then fetch an assignment for that class using nbgrader fetch and passing the name of the class and the name of the assignment: %%bash export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd$HOME


[FetchApp | INFO] Source: /tmp/exchange/example_course/outbound/ps1
[FetchApp | INFO] Destination: /private/tmp/student_home/ps1
[FetchApp | INFO] Fetched as: example_course ps1


Note that running nbgrader fetch copies the assignment files from the exchange directory to the local directory, and therefore can be used from any directory:

%%bash

ls -l "/tmp/student_home/ps1"

total 40
-rw-r--r--  1 jhamrick  wheel  5733 Jul 20 12:49 jupyter.png
-rw-r--r--  1 jhamrick  wheel  7884 Jul 20 12:49 problem1.ipynb
-rw-r--r--  1 jhamrick  wheel  2258 Jul 20 12:49 problem2.ipynb


Additionally, the nbgrader fetch (as well as nbgrader submit) command also does not rely on having access to the nbgrader database – the database is only used by instructors.

## Submitting assignments¶

Command line options for nbgrader fetch
Command line options for nbgrader list
Configuration options
Details on nbgrader_config.py

### From the notebook dashboard¶

Warning

The “Assignment List” extension is not fully compatible with multiple courses on the same server. Please see Can I use the “Assignment List” extension with multiple classes? for details.

Alternatively, students can submit assignments using the assignment list notebook server extension. You must have installed the extension by following the instructions here. Students must have also downloaded the assignments (see Fetching assignments).

After students have worked on the assignment for a while, but before submitting, they can validate that their notebooks pass the tests by clicking the “Validate” button (analogous to running nbgrader validate). If any tests fail, they will see a warning:

If there are no errors, they will see that the validation passes:

Note

If the notebook has been released with hidden tests removed from the source version (see “Autograder tests” cells with hidden tests) then this validation is only done against the tests the students can see in the release version.

Once students have validated all the notebooks, they can click the “Submit” button to submit the assignment (analogous to running nbgrader submit ps1 --course example_course). Afterwards, it will show up in the list of submitted assignments (and also still in the list of downloaded assignments):

Students may submit an assignment as many times as they’d like. All copies of a submission will show up in the submitted assignments list, and when the instructor collects the assignments, they will get the most recent version of the assignment:

Similarly, if the strict option (in the student’s nbgrader_config.py file) is set to True, the students will not be able to submit an assignment with missing notebooks (for a given assignment):

### From the command line¶

First, as a reminder, here is what the student’s nbgrader_config.py file looks like:

%%bash


c = get_config()
c.Exchange.root = '/tmp/exchange'
c.Exchange.course_id = "example_course"


After working on an assignment, the student can submit their version for grading using nbgrader submit and passing the name of the assignment and the name of the class:

%%bash
export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd $HOME nbgrader submit "ps1"  [SubmitApp | INFO] Source: /private/tmp/student_home/ps1 [SubmitApp | INFO] Destination: /tmp/exchange/example_course/inbound/jhamrick+ps1+2017-07-20 16:49:59.860656 UTC [SubmitApp | INFO] Submitted as: example_course ps1 2017-07-20 16:49:59.860656 UTC  Note that “the name of the assignment” really corresponds to “the name of a folder”. It just happens that, in our current directory, there is a folder called “ps1”: %%bash export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd$HOME

ls -l "/tmp/student_home"

total 8
drwxr-xr-x  3 jhamrick  wheel  102 Jul 20 12:49 Library
-rw-r--r--  1 jhamrick  wheel   91 Jul 20 12:49 nbgrader_config.py
drwxr-xr-x  5 jhamrick  wheel  170 Jul 20 12:49 ps1


Students can see what assignments they have submitted using nbgrader list --inbound:

%%bash
export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd $HOME nbgrader list --inbound  [ListApp | INFO] Submitted assignments: [ListApp | INFO] example_course jhamrick ps1 2017-07-20 16:49:59.860656 UTC  Importantly, students can run nbgrader submit as many times as they want, and all submitted copies of the assignment will be preserved: %%bash export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd$HOME


[SubmitApp | INFO] Source: /private/tmp/student_home/ps1
[SubmitApp | INFO] Destination: /tmp/exchange/example_course/inbound/jhamrick+ps1+2017-07-20 16:50:04.440193 UTC
[SubmitApp | INFO] Submitted as: example_course ps1 2017-07-20 16:50:04.440193 UTC


We can see all versions that have been submitted by again running nbgrader list --inbound:

%%bash
export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd $HOME nbgrader list --inbound  [ListApp | INFO] Submitted assignments: [ListApp | INFO] example_course jhamrick ps1 2017-07-20 16:49:59.860656 UTC [ListApp | INFO] example_course jhamrick ps1 2017-07-20 16:50:04.440193 UTC  Note that the nbgrader submit (as well as nbgrader fetch) command also does not rely on having access to the nbgrader database – the database is only used by instructors. nbgrader requires that the submitted notebook names match the released notebook names for each assignment. For example if a student were to rename one of the given assignment notebooks: %%bash export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd$HOME

# assume the student renamed the assignment file
mv ps1/problem1.ipynb ps1/myproblem1.ipynb


[SubmitApp | INFO] Source: /private/tmp/student_home/ps1
[SubmitApp | INFO] Destination: /tmp/exchange/example_course/inbound/jhamrick+ps1+2017-07-20 16:50:08.284396 UTC
[SubmitApp | WARNING] Possible missing notebooks and/or extra notebooks submitted for assignment ps1:
Expected:
problem1.ipynb: MISSING
problem2.ipynb: FOUND
Submitted:
myproblem1.ipynb: EXTRA
problem2.ipynb: OK
[SubmitApp | INFO] Submitted as: example_course ps1 2017-07-20 16:50:08.284396 UTC


By default this assignment will still be submitted however only the “FOUND” notebooks (for the given assignment) can be autograded and will appear on the formgrade extension. “EXTRA” notebooks will not be autograded and will not appear on the formgrade extension.

To ensure that students cannot submit an assignment with missing notebooks (for a given assignment) the strict option, in the student’s nbgrader_config.py file, can be set to True:

%%file /tmp/student_home/nbgrader_config.py

c = get_config()
c.Exchange.root = '/tmp/exchange'
c.Exchange.course_id = "example_course"
c.ExchangeSubmit.strict = True

Overwriting /tmp/student_home/nbgrader_config.py

%%bash
export HOME=/tmp/student_home && cd \$HOME


[SubmitApp | INFO] Source: /private/tmp/student_home/ps1
[SubmitApp | INFO] Destination: /tmp/exchange/example_course/inbound/jhamrick+ps1+2017-07-20 16:50:09.859381 UTC
[SubmitApp | CRITICAL] Assignment ps1 not submitted. There are missing notebooks for the submission:
Expected:
problem1.ipynb: MISSING
problem2.ipynb: FOUND
Submitted:
myproblem1.ipynb: EXTRA
problem2.ipynb: OK
[SubmitApp | ERROR] nbgrader submit failed


## Collecting assignments¶

Details on grading assignments after they have been collected
Command line options for nbgrader fetch
Command line options for nbgrader list
The philosophy and the approach
More details on how the nbgrader hierarchy is structured.
Configuration options
Details on nbgrader_config.py

First, as a reminder, here is what the instructor’s nbgrader_config.py file looks like:

%%bash


c = get_config()

c.Exchange.course_id = "example_course"
c.Exchange.root = "/tmp/exchange"


From the formgrader extension, we can collect submissions by clicking on the “collect” button:

As with releasing, this will display a pop-up window when the operation is complete, telling you how many submissions were collected:

From here, you can click on the number of submissions to grade the collected submissions:

### From the command line¶

After students have submitted their assignments, the instructor can view what has been submitted with nbgrader list --inbound:

%%bash


[ListApp | INFO] Submitted assignments:
[ListApp | INFO] example_course jhamrick ps1 2017-07-20 16:49:59.860656 UTC
[ListApp | INFO] example_course jhamrick ps1 2017-07-20 16:50:04.440193 UTC
[ListApp | INFO] example_course jhamrick ps1 2017-07-20 16:50:08.284396 UTC


The instructor can then collect all submitted assignments with nbgrader collect and passing the name of the assignment (and as with the other nbgrader commands for instructors, this must be run from the root of the course directory):

%%bash


[CollectApp | INFO] Processing 1 submissions of 'ps1' for course 'example_course'
[CollectApp | INFO] Collecting submission: jhamrick ps1


This will copy the student submissions to the submitted folder in a way that is automatically compatible with nbgrader autograde:

%%bash

ls -l submitted

total 0
drwxr-xr-x  3 jhamrick  staff  102 May 31 14:10 bitdiddle
drwxr-xr-x  3 jhamrick  staff  102 May 31 14:10 hacker
drwxr-xr-x  3 jhamrick  staff  102 Jul 20 12:50 jhamrick


Note that there should only ever be one instructor who runs the nbgrader release and nbgrader collect commands (and there should probably only be one instructor – the same instructor – who runs nbgrader assign, nbgrader autograde and the formgrader as well). However this does not mean that only one instructor can do the grading, it just means that only one instructor manages the assignment files. Other instructors can still perform grading by accessing the notebook server running the formgrader.